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US prevails in trade dispute

The United States recently won the first dispute settlement panel proceeding under the United States-Mexico-Canada agreement. A dispute settlement panel under the United States-Mexico-Canada agreement has agreed with the United States that Canada is violating its commitments by reserving most of the in-quota quantity in its tariff-rate quotas for products dairy products for the exclusive use of Canadian processors.

The United States requested that a panel be established on May 25, 2021, provided for in Chapter 31 of the trade agreement. The group published its final report on December 20. Canada has 45 days from the date of the final report to comply with the panel’s findings under the rules of the trade agreement.

Fund — A TRQ applies a preferential duty rate to an “in-quota” quantity of imports and a different rate to imports exceeding that quantity. Under the agreement, Canada has the right to maintain 14 tariff rate quotas on several dairy products – milk, cream, skimmed milk powder, butter and cream powder, industrial cheese, cheese of all types, milk powder, concentrate or condensed milk, yoghurt and buttermilk, buttermilk powder, whey powder, products made from natural milk constituents, ice cream and mixes for ice cream and other dairy products.

In the notices to importers that Canada published in June and October 2020 and May 2021 for tariff rate quotas for dairy products, Canada set aside and reserved a percentage of the quota for processors and for so-called “processors”. later”, unlike the United States of Canada. Mexico-Canada Agreement Commitments. As a result of the restriction, Canada has undermined the value of its dairy TRQs for U.S. farmers and exporters since the trade deal took effect by limiting access to quota quantities negotiated under the agreement, according to the Bureau. from the US Trade Representative.

The Panel agreed with the United States that Canada’s allocation of dairy TRQs – in particular, the reservation of a percentage of each dairy TRQ exclusively to Canadian processors – is inconsistent with the Canada’s commitment in Article 3.A.2.11(b) of the trade agreement not to “limit access to a processors allowance”.

The panel also found that the agreement made no distinction between initial processors and “subsequent processors” and therefore the restriction in Article 3.A.2.11(b) applied to all transformers, including specific subassemblies. Visit ustr.gov for more information.

Animal health projects funded

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service recently awarded more than $16 million to 64 projects with states, universities, and other partners. The funding supports projects focused on improving vaccine distribution plans and supporting animal movement decisions during animal disease outbreaks with high consequences. The funding also supports awareness and education on disease prevention and preparedness, and the development of point-of-care diagnostic tests to quickly detect foreign animal diseases. And it supports projects to improve early detection of high-impact animal diseases and improve emergency response capabilities in veterinary diagnostic laboratories that are part of the National Network of Animal Health Laboratories.

The 2018 Farm Bill funded the programs as part of an overall strategy to keep animal pests and diseases out of the United States. It also provided funds to reduce the spread and impact of potential disease incursions in an effort to protect and expand market opportunities for American agricultural products.

The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service provides $7.6 million under the National Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program. Thirty-six projects will individually and collectively address vaccine distribution, animal movement and business continuity during a disease outbreak. They will also address awareness and education for disease prevention and preparedness. Projects will be led by state animal health authorities in 21 states, land-granting universities, and industry/veterinarian organizations.

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The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is awarding $4.4 million under the National Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program to 21 projects conducted by National Animal Health Laboratory Network laboratories in 14 states . The projects will contribute to improving the early detection of animal diseases with high consequences and to improving emergency response capacities in veterinary diagnostic laboratories. The funding is in addition to $2.5 million provided on a non-competitive basis for the National Animal Health Laboratory Network infrastructure.

The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is providing $4.3 million for seven joint projects representing six states. Projects will support the development and/or evaluation of point-of-care diagnostic tests to improve the country’s ability to rapidly detect high-consequence foreign animal diseases and accelerate response and containment efforts. This is the first joint competitive funding opportunity offered by the National Animal Health Laboratory Network. and the National Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program.

Visit aphis.usda.gov and search for “preparation and response” and aphis.usda.gov and search for “laboratory network” for more information.

‘Gruyère’ ruled the common name of the food

A judge recently ruled that “gruyere” is a generic style of cheese that can come from anywhere. Senior Judge TS Ellis III of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia affirmed the August 5, 2020, case law ruling of the United States Patent Office’s Trademark Trial and Appeals Board and brands.

The decision reaffirms that all cheese makers, not just those in France or Switzerland, can continue to create and market cheese under the common name.

The Consortium for Common Food Names, the US Dairy Export Council, the National Milk Producers Federation and a coalition of other dairy industry players prevailed in their fight to preserve the ability of all players in the US market to use generic terms. Visit usdec.org for more information.

The dairy drink debuted

Taco Bell continues to offer dairy-based beverages with support from the dairy levy. The restaurant chain launched the Island Berry Freeze, which uses a shelf-stable creamer created by dairy control scientists. This is the chain’s third beverage launch featuring the dairy creamer, starting with the Pineapple Whip Freeze in May 2020 and the Mountain Dew Baja Blast Colada Freeze in May 2021.

Island Berry Freeze, offered in Blue Raspberry or Wild Strawberry flavors, is available at participating U.S. Taco Bell restaurants through March 12.

Sales results for products created with payment support are exclusive. But Emily Bourdet, vice president of global innovation partnerships for Dairy Management Inc., said results from all payment partners, including Taco Bell, are making a difference. There has been an overall growth of 2 billion pounds of milk equivalent since the start of the partnership work; each partner shows an average annual growth of around 3% in milk volume. Visit usdairy.com for more information.


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