By Shen Lin, Xian Gan, People’s Daily
Using its natural resource endowments, the city of Nyingchi in southwest China’s Tibet Autonomous Region has helped more and more residents increase their incomes by engaging in eco-friendly plantations. the environment, gradually transforming its rich ecological resources into a proud “real estate property” of local residents that guarantees their happy life.
The city of Nyingchi, located in the southeast of Tibet, is at the lowest altitude. It has the hottest and wettest climate, the best ecological environment and the richest biodiversity among all cities in Tibet. It is also one of the three main primitive regions of China and has long been known as the “Jiangnan of Tibet” (Jiangnan means the fertile and prosperous region of the southern regions of the Yangtze River).
Since the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has a delicate ecological environment, heavy industry and production patterns that cause heavy pollution are not suitable for the region. To conserve the ecological environment while boosting production and improving people’s quality of life, Nyingchi first had to find a good development path towards modernization characterized by harmony between mankind and nature.
The geographical position, favorable climate, healthy ecological environment and abundant natural resources of Nyingchi have made it a place of great natural endowments for the development of undergrowth plants. Based on its advantages, the city has paved the way to coordinate ecological protection and proper utilization of ecological resources while stimulating the environmentally friendly growth of industries and realizing the economic value of ecological resources.
Gastrodia elata, a traditional Chinese grass, is one of the undergrowth plants that has changed the lives of Nyingchi people.
“These five tubers of Tibetan gastrodia elata (a variety of the traditional grass) weigh more than one kilogram and can be sold for more than 400 yuan ($61.84) at the market price. Compared with gastrodia elata in other regions, the grass in the highlands of Bome county, Nyingchi, is of better quality, but with lower yield, thanks to a healthy ecological environment,” Qiu Quanlei, a senior staff member. company which is dedicated to the production and sale of Tibetan gastrodia elata, told the People’s Daily in a dense forest at the edge of the national road No. 318 in Nyingchi.
Tibetan gastrodia elata growing under trees in the forest are marked with signs of different colors in the field.
According to Qiu, who is also nicknamed “Doctor Gastrodia Elata”, although the gastrodia elata produced in Bome County is of high quality, the local Tibetan gastrodia elata industry has struggled to find a good breakthrough point for stand out from its competitors.
Just when the company didn’t know what to do to change the situation, Zou Yonggang, deputy executive secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Bome County Committee, came to help.
“We invited the company to invest here, and we have a responsibility to help it get on the right track and run smoothly,” Zou said.
Thanks to the support of the local government, in April 2021, the work team in Guangzhou, capital of southern China’s Guangdong province, which was established under the country’s “twinning assistance” program to help Tibet in its development, entered into an agreement with JD Farm, a modern agricultural base project launched by Chinese e-commerce giant JD. com. They decided to build a demonstration base of JD Farm and use it as a breakthrough point to introduce a management based on information on the whole process system covering various links of the Tibetan gastrodia elata industry in Bome County, from production to storage, transportation and herb quality monitoring.
Today, Internet of Things (IoT) connected sensors are installed in large numbers in Qiu’s company’s gastrodia elata Tibetan plantation base, helping the company realize remote temperature monitoring. , humidity and other environmental factors using satellites.
Meanwhile, the intelligent management and control system launched for the industry can realize intelligent decision-making based on data analysis, thus providing scientific advice on the production of the herb.
“Each tuber has a QR code, through which you can get clear product information,” Qiu told viewers during a live sales promotion of Bome County Tibetan gastrodia elata.
According to Zhang Hu, party chief of the CPC committee of Zhamog TownshipBome County, scientific and technical talents like Qiu have effectively motivated local people to join the industry, increasing the planting area of wild Tibetan gastrodia elata cultivated in Zhamog Township to 1,653 mu (110.2 hectares).
The industry chain pattern of the local Tibetan gastrodia elata industrial park, which features benign interactions between enterprises, research institutes, the market and professional producers, is also improving day by day, according to Zhang.
The company has contributed to a 3.65 million yuan increase in income for local residents, supporting about 3,000 farmers and herders, the official added.
While the Tibetan gastrodia elata industry is flourishing, other industries characteristic of the Nyingchi Highlands, such as tea plantation, forestry, and fruit and vegetable growing, have also experienced rapid development, with the tea leaves from Yi’ong County, the apple from Mainling County, the fruit kiwi fruit from Zayu County and vegetables from Bayi District of Nyingchi City enjoying great popularity.
So far, the planting area of characteristic forests and fruits has reached 281,000 mu, and that of vegetables and Tibetan herbal medicine 39,000 mu and 16,000 mu, respectively.
Nyingchi vigorously promotes the construction of tea plantation bases in Yi’ong Township, Medog County and Zayu County, among other parts of the city, trying to improve production quality and efficiency. tea products and promote tea brands, according to the mayor of Nyingchi City, who revealed that the vegetable planting area in the city will be maintained at over 40,000 mu.
The Tibetan herbal medicine industry, with Tibetan gastrodia elata as a typical representative, is steadily growing, he said, noting that the city is advancing the construction of a region-wide Tibetan herbal medicine industrial park. autonomous and the construction of a bank of genetic material of Tibetan Phytotherapy.
Nyingchi’s development path demonstrates that development and ecology are not mutually exclusive. People’s happy life and the continuous improvement of the natural environment can be achieved at the same time, and man and nature can coexist in harmony.