RAWALPINDI, (UrduPoint/Pakistan Point News – June 5, 2022): Water managers, experts and policy makers should adopt the techniques of integrated water resources management to keep water resources available for future generations, said the speakers at a training workshop on integrated water resources management. Water resources management (IWRM).
The workshop on the topics of water markets and water trade, hydrological modelling, water banks and managed aquifer recharge (MAR), integrated river basin management in the climate change framework was organized here at Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi (PMAS-AAUR) by the Department of Land and Water Conservation Engineering (L&WCE), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology ( FAE&T), PMAS-AAUR in collaboration with Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC), with the aim of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) of Registered Engineers (RE) and Professional Engineers (PE).
Professor Dr. Qamar uz Zaman, PMAS-AAUR Vice-Chancellor, was the keynote speaker for the closing session while guest speakers were Dr. Muhammad Akhtar Abbas, Deputy Director at the Australian Federal Ministry of Water and Dr. Sohail Rai, modeling director at MurrayDarling. Basin Authority.
Teachers from different faculties of PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, BSc students in agricultural engineering and water engineers from PCRWR were the participants.
Dr. Qamar uz Zaman emphasized the industry-academia nexus to address the challenges faced by our farmers in water resources management.
He emphasized improving water productivity related to smart and precision irrigation.
Dr. Qamar said that FAE&T, Department of L&WCE was working for the National Water Management within the framework of “internet of things” and geographic information systems to develop a cost-effective solution to provide farmers with warnings early weather and crop instructions.
He was of the view that the most important component was national water management and that water should be the top priority for economic and environmental security and policy.
He stressed that IWRM should be adopted for small-scale basins where indigenous peoples or farmers and stakeholders could potentially take care of their own available water resources.
He said the aim of the agricultural engineering faculty is to ensure food security by developing simple and cost-effective solutions for the farming community.
The VC further appreciated the hard work of the organizers of the training workshop and reiterated its commitment to spare no effort to bring this university up to the standards of leading international universities by providing a pleasant environment for scholars to find the best of solutions for agriculture in the country which was beleaguered due to small land size and population growth.
Dr. Muhammad Akhtar Abbas explained to the participants the water market, water trade and water bank in MDBA and expressed his thoughts on how this idea could benefit Pakistani farmers, especially in Punjab.
He said the new concept of Water Banking was similar to a banking system that could be used to store water for later use during drought or when needed.
He added that the water bank system stands for Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR), which is a water management approach that can be used to maximize natural storage and increase the resilience of the water system. water supply during periods of low flows and high seasonal variability.
By using MAR techniques, the groundwater system could be maintained and its quality could be improved, he added.
Dr. Abbas stressed that water managers, experts and policy makers should adopt the techniques of integrated water resources management to keep water resources available for our future generation as the policy has been practically implemented. work in the MDBA.
Water is the only resource absolutely necessary for human survival. There is nothing you can buy for water or trade for water. Water is vital for human beings because water is a basic human right, but there is no global trade in water, he said.
Dr. Sohail Rai, who works as a hydrological modeler at the MDBA, delivered his lecture on the Integrated Quantity-Quality Model (IQQM) of Australia using a zoom link.
He spoke about the importance, concept and scope of the IQQM model, saying that the IQQM helps to plan and evaluate water resources management policies using a system to help decision.
This Node-Link type model was used to regulate the resource allocation system (i.e. irrigation demand and diversion) in the MDBA. From his conference, student researchers learned the use of hydrological modeling and its importance in water management policies based on demand and supply.
FAE&T Dean, Professor Jehanzeb Masood Cheema pointed out that Pakistan’s rivers are facing the adverse effects of climate change.
IWRM did not work on large scale basins like the Indus. IWRM should be at the river basin scale. Water is priceless in the real monetary sense; politically and emotionally, that’s probably the most important thing, he said.
Water trade, he said, was completely different from other things because water was untouchable on political agendas. We want to make sure that people have good access to clean water, a reliable supply of clean water, for industrial purposes, for agricultural purposes, for environmental purposes, he said.
At the end, Dr. Cheema thanked the participants and the speakers and the training workshop concluded with the presentation of certificates to the participants.