Import and export of agricultural products


Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare

Import and export of agricultural products

Posted on: Dec 17, 2021 3:16 p.m. by PIB Delhi

In 2020-2021, the import of agricultural products was Rs. 141,448.05 crore compared to the export of Rs. 210,093.40 crore, bringing a ratio of 0.67 to 1.

India isself-sufficient in most agricultural products. However, vegetable oils, legumes, cashews, fresh fruits and spices are the main imported agricultural products. To ensure self-sufficiency in pulses, the government implemented the National Food Security Mission (NFSM) to improve pulse production. In addition, under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY), funds are provided to states to improve pulse production. The NFSM-Oileseds program is implemented to improve the production of edible essential oils in the country. The National Edible Oils and Oil Palm Mission (NMEO-OP) was launched with the aim of increasing the availability of edible oil in the country by exploiting the expansion of the area, increasing the production of crude palm oil to reduce the burden of imports. To cope with the high importation of turmeric, steps are being taken to organize the cultivation of varieties with high curcumin content in clusters in suitable areas. To meet the growing demand for raw cashews in the country, the government is looking to increase the area with high yielding varieties, high density planting, rejuvenation of senile orchards and canopy management, etc.

The Department of Commerce is the nodal government agency responsible for import and export, including the country’s agricultural sector, and is responsible for developing and formulating trade policy and programs. Various organizations of the Ministry of Commerce are engaged in the development and export promotion of agricultural products viz. Authority for the Development of Exports of Agricultural and Processed Food Products (APEDA); Board of spices; Tea tray; Coffee board; Rubber board; Tobacco Board; Export Inspection Board. In addition, the Department of Commerce collaborates with various export promotion councils, trade and industry associations, farmer-producer organizations, cooperatives, etc. to undertake the promotion of exports of agricultural products and solve export-related problems.

In addition, product-specific Export Promotion Forums (EPFs) for eight agricultural products with high potential, namely grapes, mango, banana, onion, rice, cereals, pomegranate, floriculture and plant material were created under the auspices of APEDA to promote the export of the identified product. in a targeted manner.

This information was given by the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in a written response to Rajya Sabha today.



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