The Forestry Department donated fire safety equipment to the South Angami Youth Organization. (Photo Morung)
Raising awareness of the importance of the conservation of the Dzükou Valley and its impact on the entire Himalayan biodiversity region
News Morung Express
Kohima | July 15th
Er Keheibamding Thoü, Senior Research Associate, Department of Environment, Forestry and Climate Change, Government of Nagaland, observed that overuse of its resources, development of Dzükuo water source through pipelines were a possible exploitation of the source presenting a danger for the valley. Thoü said the average rainfall in the Dzükuo Valley has decreased to 1200-1800 mm from 1800-2000 mm in recent years.
He said this during the broadcast on the theme “Awareness raising on the importance of the conservation of the Dzükou Valley and its impact on the entire Himalayan biodiversity region” organized within the framework of the National Mission Himalayan Studies (NMHS). It was organized by the Department of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Government of Nagaland at the PCCF & HOFF Office Conference Hall, Kohima on July 15.
Dwarf bamboo threat
The senior research associate also observed that dwarf bamboo (Yushania Rolllaona), considered an endemic and pioneer species of the Dzükuo Valley, becomes invasive to several species and the surrounding forested areas of the valley following a forest fire, with the dominant component suppressing other native species.
Several species are threatened with survival and a few are on the brink of extinction because the regeneration of bamboo species is very fast and grows vigorously after a fire with the rhizomes growing deep into the ground, he argued. Without control, the whole valley, he saw that the whole valley and the surrounding hills will be covered by the dwarf bamboo.
Thoü suggested some control, mitigation and control measures that were scientific and traditional in nature. Chief among these was the traditional practice of digging around the bamboo with a shovel cutting the fire lines and trimming between the thick bamboos or areas where flowering species are likely to be present. Another scientific practice, he mentioned, is that of barrier technologies for environmental management.
In the presentation, he also suggested measures to conserve the resources of the valley, among which the practice of reforestation and afforestation; check deforestation for agricultural and housing practices and effective waste management.
Forest fire management
Speaking on the forest fire management plan, Pezaneinuo, Forest Range Manager, Kohima Range, said local people’s knowledge is very important in fighting forest fires. She said preventative measures were important to take precautions ahead of wildfire season.
When a fire broke out, fighting was necessary for quick action. As such, the role of local administration must be fully integrated for rapid response. Also, in addition to keeping necessary equipment, building fire watchers and watchtowers in advance, the gunnery officer suggested training and patrolling responders.
Earlier, Supongnukshi IFS, Chief Conservator of Forests and Senior Researcher, NMHS delivered the introductory speech. The program was chaired by Keneikrul Noswe, Forestry Officer, Social Forestry Range.
The Department of Forestry, Forestry Range donated fire safety equipment to the Southern Angami Youth Organization. Others present at the program were the Southern Angami Students Union (SASU) and representatives from the villages of Phesama, Kigwema, Jakhama, Viswema and Khuzama.